Canada compensated practically $200M to visa corporation earlier centered in a tax haven and linked to China

When Tobias Denskus, a professor of worldwide improvement in Sweden, applied to arrive to Canada in February 2019 to renew his everlasting residency it wasn’t just the “bad experience” that concerned him.

When Tobias Denskus, a professor of global advancement in Sweden, applied to occur to Canada in February 2019 to renew his long term residency it wasn’t just the “bad experience” that involved him.

He stated he was alarmed at handing about his most sensitive info to VFS World wide, a substantial visa outsourcing corporation. Until 2019, the organization operated out of Mauritius, a recognized tax haven, and is also backed by a Chinese condition-controlled investment fund.

“My impression just after heading through the process with VFS was that it felt significantly even worse than dealing specifically with Canadian authorities entities, dealing specifically with Immigration Canada,” Denskus explained to International News from Malmo, Sweden.

He stated his application was delayed for months because the business failed to notify him that only UPS would provide to their places of work in Stockholm.

“I felt really sorry for all those who professional this for the initially time, for illustration, for a analyze abroad or work visa, that their initial interaction with Canada as a region is in fact by means of a rather peculiar company entity,” Denskus reported.

From 2009 to 2019, Canada has awarded $183,204,308 to VFS World-wide to tackle visa application submissions and biometric details assortment at Canadian visa application centres in additional than 80 countries, in accordance to a Worldwide Information analysis of federal contracts.

And as the place moved to privatize parts of its visa software approach, immigration, privacy and safety professionals say the absence of transparency and oversight of the visa outsourcing big must be a significant issue for Key Minister Justin Trudeau’s governing administration.

“This is the invisible large brother Goliath gathering literally hundreds of millions of instances of private information centralized under a person private business,” stated Richard Kurland, an immigration lawyer primarily based in Vancouver.

“My concern is wherever oh exactly where is the oversight, checking and control of this non-public firm?”

Although VFS World wide claims it’s headquartered in Switzerland and the United Arab Emirates, Canada’s contracts are signed with VF Worldwide Holdings, which up right until 2019 was headquartered in Mauritius – an island off the coast of Madagascar acknowledged for enabling questionable tax avoidance measures.

Yet another $10 million in contracts was awarded to TT Visa Companies, also owned by VFS World wide, to handle visa purposes in 24 international locations, together with the United States and numerous in South The us.

Founded in 2001 by Zubin Karkaria, who is nonetheless the CEO, VFS Worldwide is a big in the entire world of visa processing, obtaining completed extra than 224 million apps, that contains sensitive private and economical facts, and operates in 144 nations around the world, in accordance to the company’s website.

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The company is now largely owned by EQT VII (No. 1) Confined Partnership, which is backed by Chengdong Investments, a subsidiary of the state-run China Financial investment Corp., in accordance to paperwork filed with Britain’s corporate registry. The link to the Chinese-point out owned agency was initially reported by the World and Mail.

VFS main communications officer Peter Brun stated the corporation normally takes “customer company really seriously” and invests “significantly in all facets of the application system.”

“It is in the nature of each and every substantial-quantity consumer-experiencing expert services company that shopper issues do happen,” Brun said. “We reply to 24 buyer queries a moment on an ordinary with a complaint resolution score of 99%.”

VFS World wide claimed it complies with the “tax rules and techniques in the nations around the world in which we function.”

“We pay out all taxes according to the Canadian provincial and federal tax regulations,” Brun mentioned.

“Earlier media studies allege that VFS World-wide has a Chinese, German or American ownership. This facts is wholly mistaken and based on incorrect info without the need of proper reality-checking. VFS International is owned and managed by its Swedish-Swiss investors.”

Both EQT VII and VFS World wide denied that Chengdong Investments or any investor has entry to VFS details.

“Investors have no accessibility to the EQT portfolio companies’ shopper and shopper databases, nor do they affect the portfolio companies’ determination making or strategies,” reported EQT spokesperson Daniel Ketema.

Connection to China expenditure firm

Anyone wanting to work, stay or analyze in Canada from nations like China, Russia, the Philippines, India or the United Kingdom may perhaps have applied VFS International. Even Canadians implementing to international locations like the United Kingdom may possibly have handed around particular information to the corporation.

VFS offers typically administrative aid, handling tasks this kind of as fingerprinting and passport collection. Candidates will often utilize for their visa by means of VFS relatively than with the Canadian government right.

In November 2012, the organization won a $51-million contract below the previous Conservative authorities of Stephen Harper. And considering the fact that 2017, the enterprise has been awarded an supplemental $132-million truly worth of contracts, according to info stated on the federal procurement web page.

Previous CSIS director Ward Elcock informed World-wide Information that any connections among VFS Global, a firm that gets major funding from China, really should be intently reviewed by Ottawa.

“Is there a hazard? Indeed,” Elcock stated, talking about the prospective for Chinese point out actors to entry information associated to Canadian visa applications. “But just since there is a Chinese organization that’s an trader does not by definition mean that there is a threat to Canada.

“Contracts like this are kinds that should to be treated sensitively and the government ought to be sensitive to the likely risks,” he mentioned.

“The federal government desires to have accomplished the function to assure that the contract is not supplying access or it does not efficiently give entry to pretty delicate knowledge to an additional routine.”

In the meantime, Kurland mentioned the federal government’s thrust to privatize visa software procedures has saved the federal government “tens of tens of millions of dollars” to supply its immigration and visa system. In-man or woman immigration officers nevertheless make ultimate conclusions on who is granted a visa.

“My goodness, it’s a terrific arrangement,” he said.

But Kurland explained he’s alarmed by the enormous quantities of facts the firm stores and the actuality it was beforehand based in what Oxfam and the European Union have identified as among the world’s worst tax havens.

“If there was a grievance, monitoring oversight or difficulty, you are out of luck. When contractually this private corporation is needed to abide by Canadian regulations, together with privacy guidelines, it’s unenforceable,” he said. “How is an individual all-around the environment or in Canada heading to redress complications with a private company found in Switzerland or some other jurisdiction?”

VFS strongly rejected those allegations, saying it deletes all particular knowledge “30 times right after a passport and documents have been returned to the candidates.”

“VFS Global does not retail store any individual details relevant to a visa software,” VFS spokesperson Brun mentioned in an e mail, adding that the enterprise was “re-domiciled” from Mauritius to Dubai in 2019.

2015 privacy breach

In 2015, the business knowledgeable a major privateness breach that allowed personal information and facts of Italian visa candidates, such as their date of beginning, passport aspects and addresses, to be uncovered on the internet.

IRCC suggests it has no report that VFS ever notified the Canadian govt of this breach.

Meanwhile, VFS reported that a “small selection of software data” was “potentially available for a shorter time.”

“The hole was closed instantly. This was not similar to any Canadian visa application and respective techniques for the Canadian customer governing administration,” the firm claimed.

VFS World mentioned in a assertion that it prioritizes endeavours to increase “cyber safety processes” to maintain up with modifying risk scenarios.

“As a support provider to IRCC, any data security incidents will be described straight to IRCC. If demanded, IRCC would inform the privacy commissioner,” it stated.

Former Ontario privateness commissioner Ann Cavoukian was stunned about the prospective considerations all over how this enterprise handles and retains information and what form of oversight exists. VFS Global’s web page does point out problems can be directed to the Canadian privacy commissioner.

“But how the heck would they have interaction in any oversight more than that? This company is big and it’s all around the area,” Cavoukian stated. “And I could not get a perception of in which was the data retained? And who else could possibly have accessibility to it.”

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IRCC informed World wide News that while it was unaware of these privacy and oversight problems, there is an extensive software in spot to make confident visa application centres comply with Canada’s privacy guidelines.

“Protecting the privacy of Canadians is paramount in all that we do, and the Govt of Canada normally takes its privacy obligations really severely,” an IRCC spokesperson said in an e mail. “No software or biometric assortment info is stored at the [visa application centres]. All databases that contains applicant personalized facts need to be situated in Canada.

Having said that, Kurland worries that, although safeguards exist, they are not currently being utilised proficiently.

“It’s an honour technique arrangement,” says Kurland.

“How can the privateness commissioner come across out irrespective of whether details was deleted in Bangladesh, or pick your nation? How can they potentially know?”

And if a visa applicant’s private individual data is breached as a result of the use of VFS, the Canadian governing administration is not liable for any damages, according to a 2008 VFS contract obtained by Global News.

VFS International explained it “complies with the information safety and privateness polices of all nations around the world we provide.”

“We have a dedicated Privateness and Team Details Protection Officer who is responsible for quick communications with respective authorities,” Brun said.

Meanwhile, John Atkins, an immigration law firm dependent in the U.K., reported his purchasers frequently operate into problems with VFS World. He states some have even been denied visas owing to mishandled files, improperly uploaded facts or other administrative mistakes.

He explained working with the company is a “nightmare.”

“I’ve even acquired it in my customer engagement letter that you will have issues with the (VFS) application,” Atkins instructed World wide News from his household in Exeter, U.K. “I’ve been raising the make a difference of owing diligence with the Household Place of work for two several years. So it was the thanks diligence. Who’s monitoring all this?”

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IRCC instructed World-wide Information it does not keep track of the full number of issues produced by users of VFS World wide or at visa application centres.

“IRCC requires Shopper issues at the Visa Application Centres extremely seriously, investigates each and every case in accordance to the severity and requires remedial motion as required,” IRCC spokesperson Beatrice Fenelon said in an email.

“Because IRCC does not differentiate standard grievances from VAC-related incidents, IRCC is unable to supply a precise quantity of issues about VACs.”

Kurland is representing dozens of plaintiffs in a $194-million class action versus the Canadian government that alleged that overseas visitors were charged more than it value to system their visa programs.

“You’re placing at hazard the facts of persons in your place in the prolonged time period. Remember, this is not a a single-snapshot deal. This privatized details incorporates the details to proficiently give governments close to the environment of whom is linked to whom in your household. And that is on a world scale.”

The lawsuit addresses in excess of two million multiple-entry visa candidates who overpaid the Canadian authorities, some by as much as $55 for each application among 2009 and 2015, according to the lawsuit.

Less than the Economical Administration Act, the federal government are not able to demand service service fees in extra of the actual cost of supplying a services. VFS was not named in the lawsuit.

According to a assertion of defence, lawyers for the legal professional normal of Canada are in search of to have the situation dismissed, citing a 6-yr limitation period of time on when claims can be manufactured and denying that fees compensated exceeded the price tag of the products and services offered.


Avvy Go, director of the Chinese and Southeast Asian Legal Clinic in Toronto, has had many shoppers who have employed VFS World Services.

“(Canada) should really be performing it in-dwelling so that there will be good oversight and security of the private info that these people today hold,” she claimed.

“I did not even know that the enterprise was portion of a privacy breach until you advised me about it and that is extremely problematic.”

Other international nationals who spoke with World-wide News said that even though they didn’t have a destructive working experience with VFS, they were being worried about how the outsourcing of visa applications performs.

“Data is the most precious commodity suitable now,” stated Edwin Dioso, who is from the Philippines and at the moment living and working in the United States. “Usually, we would depend on the strong arm of the federal government to safeguard our knowledge. But if it’s a 3rd celebration, it is a private corporation, then I’m not so guaranteed.

“Visa software work is the previous matter governments need to outsource.”

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In accordance to documents obtained by Finance Uncovered – a U.K.-primarily based investigative news agency – VFS keeping firm accounts filed in Luxembourg clearly show that revenues increased 60 for each cent involving 2016 and 2018.

The organization reviews that its expansion has been pushed by “higher benefit additional service revenues,” meaning far more applicants buying expensive high quality services, which attorneys say have led to the “commercialization of daily life decisions.”

The enterprise has also been accused of pressuring visa candidates into buying “premium” products and services – like a VIP-style waiting around lounge – that they typically never need to have and can’t pay for, in accordance to Finance Uncovered. For candidates seeking to appear to Canada from the Philippines, the top quality lounge expenditures C$69.76, for example.

In accordance to a VFS spokesperson, these premium services were created “in reaction to client demand for increased accessibility, personalization, and advantage in visa services,” and are evidently determined as optional to prospects.

When other international locations obtain a part of revenues from VFS World wide, Canada does not. Canada’s contract with VFS is set to expire on Oct. 31, 2023, but can be prolonged.